Hair loss is a problem that affects many people, regardless of gender and age. Although it is often a natural occurrence, understanding the causes and problems associated with hair loss is key to finding appropriate solutions and treatments. Below, we will introduce you to the main causes of hair loss and the problems this problem can lead to.

Causes that lead to hair loss


Genetics play a key role in hair loss. Androgenic alopecia, also known as male or female pattern of hereditary hair loss, can cause gradual thinning of hair in people with certain genetic predispositions.

Hormonal imbalance

Hormonal changes, such as pregnancy, menopause or thyroid disorders, can affect the balance of hormones in the body and lead to temporary hair loss.

Diseases and medicines

Certain diseases, such as alopecia areata, can cause severe hair loss. Also, chemotherapy and certain medications lead to temporary hair loss as a side effect.

Poor nutrition

A poor diet and lack of key nutrients, such as iron and biotin, can cause hair loss. Proper nutrition plays an important role in hair health.

Stress and anxiety

Stress and anxiety can cause hair loss or increase an existing problem. This form of hair loss is usually reversible when stress levels are reduced.

Inappropriate care

Excessive use of chemical hair products, such as harsh shampoos, hair straightening treatments, and frequent use of dyes, can damage the hair and lead to hair loss.

Consequences of hair loss

Lack of confidence

Hair loss often affects an individual’s self-confidence. Feeling less attractive can negatively affect mood and social interactions.

Emotional stress

Hair loss like any other loss can be emotionally stressful, causing feelings of anxiety, depression and frustration that should not be ignored.


Hair protects us from excessive exposure of the scalp to the sun during summer days. Therefore, hair loss can increase the risk of burns and skin problems.

Frequently asked questions about hair loss

What causes hair loss?
The life cycle of hair consists of: anagen phase (in which hair growth takes place), catagen phase (in which hair stops growing and separates from the root), telogen phase (shedding). Hair loss occurs when the duration of the anagen phase is shortened and hairs quickly transition into the telogen phase (telogen hair loss or telogen effluvium). In this case, hair loss is diffuse, that is, it is not located in a specific area, but spreads throughout the scalp, causing a decrease in hair density and thinning of hair strands. This form of hair loss can occur after childbirth, due to chronic infections or after the use of certain medications. Other cases of hair loss are due to scalp diseases, such as fungal infections, folliculitis and other inflammations. Hair thinning can also be caused by a malfunction of the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism) and in hyperparathyroidism and other chronic diseases. Especially in women, major hormonal changes such as pregnancy, breastfeeding, menstrual disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome, menopause

Can excessive hair styling lead to hair loss?
Hair loss may occur due to excessive pulling due to various hairdressing and styling processes (eg ponytails, extensions, etc.).

Is hair loss reversible?
Hair loss can be temporary or permanent, depending on the cause. For example, stress-induced hair loss is usually temporary and can be resolved by reducing stress, while androgenetic alopecia is permanent but can be treated. Also, hair loss in most cases is reversible when hormonal changes appear as the cause, such as pregnancy, breastfeeding and menstrual disorders.

What treatments are available for hair loss?
Treatments for hair loss include medications, such as minoxidil and finasteride, medical treatments such as PRP therapy, laser therapy, and surgical methods such as hair transplants. See our services for more information about treatments available at Poliklinika Dijamant.

Is it possible to prevent hair loss?
Although it is not possible to completely prevent hair loss, a healthy lifestyle, proper diet and stress management can help keep hair healthy. Also, early identification and treatment can slow hair loss.